Grand Review of the Armies

When the Grand Review of the Armies took place in Washington, D.C. — a mammoth procession and celebration held 23-24 May 1865 at the close of the U.S. Civil War — my ancestor Union Pvt. Arthur Bull was still on duty in Virginia with the 6th New York Heavy Artillery and en route to a new location.

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cwpb.02949/
U.S. Gen. William T. Sherman’s troops at the Grand Review of the Armies, Washington, D.C. (24 May 1865). Shown is the 20th Army Corps., Army of the Georgia, passing in review as seen from the the Treasury Bldgs. looking up Pennsylvania Ave. My ancestor Union Pvt. Arthur Bull was still on duty in Virginia during the Grand Review and en route to a new assignment. Photo: Library of Congress

As members of the Union Armies of the Potomac, Shenandoah, Georgia and Tennessee marched down Pennsylvania Avenue 150 years ago this week — before cheering crowds and past the presidential reviewing stand — Sgt. William Thistleton chronicled the 6th NYHA’s movements near Petersburg, Va., where my ancestor had been stationed since 2 May 1865.

May 23rd at 7 we left our quarters for a little march to the canal basin about 1 ½ miles the other side of the city [of Petersburg] camped all night in the freight house.

May 24th took the cars at the South Side Railroad went to Burkeville station arrived at 1 P.M. rested until 4 P.M. then we marched about 5 miles halted for the night.

May 25th at 5 a.m. on the march again marched 16 ½ miles to Lunenburg Court House arrived at 1 P.M. weather very warm.

My great, great grandfather entered the service in January 1864, and he was scheduled to serve for three years. Now that the Civil War was officially over, Arthur and others in his regiment likely hoped for an early release to return home.

So they may have been surprised by this new assignment, as reflected in 6th NYHA Pvt. Orson L. Reynolds’ letters to his wife.

Petersburg, Va., May 7th, 1865: Another week has rolled around and we still remain at Petersburg…We will probably stay here until the State government gets into operation and no longer…I have a much easier time here than I probably should were I at home. Yet I long to be with my wife and children.

Lunenburg Court House, Va., May 27, 1865: I am some seventy miles south west from Petersburgh (sic) & of course so much farther from home. Our Regiment took the cars last Wednesday for Burksville Junction and were marched from thence to this place arriving Thursday noon…I am told our prospects remain good for our remaining here for the remainder of our term of service.

Arthur’s 6th NYHA regiment was now attached to the Union Army of the James in Sub-District of Roanoke, District of the Nottoway in the Dept. of Virgnia.

More on his regiment’s new duties in the next post.

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