Tag Archives: Louis Charbonneau

1861: Charbonneau parents and siblings

Fifth in a series about my French-Canadian ancestor Laurent Charbonneau, who emigrated from Québec to New York State around 1852.

In the last few posts, I outlined how my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau (born in Montréal in 1832) settled in St. Eustache, Deux Montagnes, Québec, around 1842 with his family of origin  — and continued to live there until 1852.

http://www.mgvallieres.com/eustCP/Pages/Gobeille.htm
St. Eustache: The Bellefeuille bridge and road. (circa 1915). My ancestors Louis Charbonneau and Suzanne Marcille continued operating their inn in St. Eustache, Deux Montagnes, Quebec, after their sons Laurent and Desire moved south into New York State. Image: L. Gobielle

My U.S. research indicates that some time after 1852, Laurent, 20, and his older brother Désiré, 21, struck out on their own and moved south into New York State’s Adirondack region.

But what became of their parents (my great, great, great grandparents) and their siblings after they left Québec? That question led me to the 1861 Canadian census — in which the Louis Charbonneau family appears ten years after the two brothers departed.

1861 Recensement Personnel [Personal Census] of Canada – Districe 1 of St. Eustache village Deux Montagnes (county) – from Library and Archives of Canada http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng

Pers. No.  Name Occupation Age (next birthday) Sex
4 Louis Charbonneau Aubergiste [Innkeeper] 58 M
5 Suzanne Marcille 56 F
6 Louis [Léon]  Charbonneau 11 M
7 Elise Charbonneau 23 F
8 Elise Bouchard 2 F
9 Marie Bouchard 1 M
10 Pierre Martel Serviteur [Servant] 17 M

The 1861 Recensement Personnel [Personal Census] of St. Eustache, Deus Montagnes, Québec, Canada, abstracted and translated above, reveals a mature Charbonneau family group. Laurent and his older brother are absent, but a new generation has been added — along with a live-in servant.

The innkeeper hires help

My great, great, great grandfather Louis Charbonneau, was still working as an innkeeper — just as he was around the time Laurent and his brother left home.

The inn is described as de bois [of wood] in the census — likely the same frame building as in 1851/52 — and my ggg grandmother Suzanne Marcille was enumerated, as were their two younger children.

Laurent’s younger borther Louis [Léon]  Charbonneau, 11, was what today we would call a tween. Although this census indicates he was still in school, he was likely old enough to help his parents out here and there — though not sufficiently to make up for his older brothers’ absence.

An extra set of strong hands seems to have been needed, because my ggg grandfather apparently hired Pierre Martel, 17 — who is listed as a non-family member and a servant in this census.

New Charbonneau grand-daughters

The 1861 Canadian census does not identify relationships of individuals to the head of household. Nevertheless, the happy news in this enumeration is the apparent arrival of two grand-daughters at the inn.

The two little girls (Elise Bouchard, 2, and Marie Bouchard, 1) are listed below the name of Elise Charbonneau (Laurent’s younger sister) — implying that they could be her daughters. And Louis, as head of household, reports two families living at the inn.

A young widowed mother

However, this census also reveals that sadness touched the extended Charbonneau family. Elise Charbonneau, 23, is listed in this census as a veuve [widow], who was parenting alone with no father in the household for the young girls.

When was she married? When was she widowed? And what were the circumstances of her husband’s death?

A new series about Elise Charbonneau begins with the next post.

© 2016 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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1842: Resurrecting war-torn St. Eustache

Fourth in a series about my French-Canadian ancestor Laurent Charbonneau, who emigrated from Québec to New York State around 1852.

The family of my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau may have arrived in St. Eustache, Deux-Montagnes, Québec not long after a major battle took place there during the Patriots’ War — an uprising of French-speakers and working class English-speakers against British colonial rule in Canada, which I wrote about  in 1852: The Charbonneau family of St. Eustache.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Canada_Rebellion
The Battle of St. Eustache (14 Dec. 1837). During the Patriots’ War, British forces burned the town, including the now land-marked Catholic Church of St. Eustache (at center above), to suppress the uprising against colonial rule. My Charbonneau ancestors were likely among the French-speakers who helped resurrect the war-torn village. By: Lord Charles Beauclerk (1813—1842)

The Battle of St. Eustache unfolded on 14 Dec. 1837 and ended in defeat of the Patriots — who were vastly outnumbered by British military forces and who suffered significant casualties in the struggle.

To suppress the insurrection, the victors terrorized Deux-Montagnes county and burned and looted the village — partially destroying the now land-marked Catholic Church of St. Eustache, where the Patriots sought refuge.

Yet despite the damage, St. Eustache rose from the ashes and endured — and my French-speaking Charbonneau ancestors appear to have been among those who helped resurrect the war-torn village.

Judging by the entry abstracted  below, my ggg grandfather Louis was enumerated in St. Eustache village, with a family of five, in the 1842 Recensement du Bas-Canada [Lower Canada Census] — just five years after the smoke of battle had cleared. My great, great grandfather Laurent, his second son, would have been ten years old at the time.

1842 Recensement du Bas-Canada [Lower Canada Census] – Deux-Montagnes (county) – St. Eustache Village – p. 1103 – from Library and Archives of Canada http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng
Person No. Head of Household Occupation No. of family members
13 Louis Charbonneau Groceur 5

Although the 1842 census only names the head of household, the return provides some details that point to this being my ancestor, specifically:

  • Family size. The number of people in the family is correct when compared to the 1851/52 census return for my ggg grandfather Louis Charbonneau. (He and his wife Suzanne Marcille would have had three children in 1842 for a family total of five.)
  • Neighborhood. Some of their neighbors’ names are the same as those in the 1851/52 census — putting this Louis Charbonneau family in the same neighborhood ten years earlier.
  • Occupation type.  One could easily see Louis, a blacksmith in 1832, becoming a grocer in 1842 then morphing into an innkeeper by 1851/52 — all of these occupations being sole proprietorships of one sort or another.

Eliminating unlikely possibilities

The two other possible matches in the 1842 census seemed unlikely to be my ancestor because of:

  • Family size and occupation. The other Louis Charbonneau living in St. Eustache in 1842 had a family of 11 and was working as a bouche [a hawker or trader]. Neither his family size nor his occupation appear to be a good fit.
  • Location and occupation. The other Louis Charbonneau in Québec with a family of five lived in St. Jérôme, Terrebonne (county), with none of the same neighbors, and worked as a journalier [day laborer] — an unlikely transitional job from skilled blacksmith in 1832 to innkeeper in 1851/52.

What more can we learn about this intrepid family? More in the next post.

To be continued.

© 2016 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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