Category Archives: Bouchard

1860: Diphtheria strikes the Charbonneau household

Fifth in a series about my paternal Charbonneau and Zinsk ancestors in New York State’s Adirondack region during the 1800s.

The last post chronicled the brief life of my great grandfather Will Charboneau’s younger brother, Ludwig Nicholaus — who died in July 1860, at one month old, from diphtheria.  Sadly, this heartbreaking loss was not unusual in the mid-nineteenth century.

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Charbonko&GSfn=Lewis&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSob=n&GRid=12949379&df=all&
July 2011: The gravestone of little Ludwig Nicholas [Lewis Nicholas] Charbonneau in Hayes Cemetery, Boonville, Oneida, N.Y. Photo: CHerr/Find a Grave
In Prescription potions, I discussed the medical treatments my Union Army great, great grandfather Arthur Bull might have received when he gave out on the battlefield in 1864.

How much more rudimentary would such treatments have been nearly 5 years earlier when little Ludwig Nicholaus fell ill?

There were no vaccines then, no antibiotics, no trauma units — little to protect children against infectious disease. There was just the parents’ hope that their child would survive their first years of life and make it through the childhood illnesses that laid so many low.

Shared pain

Alas, my great, great grandparents Laurent Charles and Ursula Angeline (Zinsk) Charbonneau — then living in Boonville, Oneida County, N.Y. — were not the only members of my extended ancestral family to lose children in 1860.

The same year — across the border in St. Eustache, Deux Montagnes, Quebec — Laurent’s younger sister Elise (Charbonneau) Bouchard lost two triplets less than a year old. Her infant sons died from “debility” of unknown origin. Only the third triplet, Marie, made it to her first birthday.

 Hayes Cemetery yields its secrets

Where was little Ludwig laid to rest? I found my answer among papers I received from the Boonville, Oneida, N.Y., town historian — which included a typed transcript of tombstones from Boonville’s Hayes Cemetery.

On this list, Ludwig’s name is Americanized and spelled phonetically, and the date of death differs slightly from the church records — but his story is much the same:

CHARBONNO, Lewis Nicholis — son of Lawrence & Angeline Charbonno, died July 25, 1860, aged 35 days.

Restored to the family tree

I can only imagine the Charbonneau family’s sadness on that warm July afternoon as they laid Ludwig to rest in Hayes Cemetery — so soon after his birth and baptism — in a graveside ceremony that their toddler Will, age 2, may have attended.

My ancestors’ lives went on and history nearly erased this wrenching loss. Memory of Ludwig’s short life faded with succeeding generations of my family.

But one of the joys of genealogy research is resurrecting forgotten loved ones and restoring them to their proper place in their family’s history — as little Ludwig Nicholaus Charbonneau has now been restored to his. Please pause for a moment to remember his brief life — and to welcome him back home.

Next week: Join me to celebrate the birth of my great grandfather Will’s younger sister, Harriet “Hattie” Charbonneau.

© 2017 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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Will Charboneau and his siblings in the 1800s Adirondacks

Third in a series about my paternal Charbonneau and Zinsk ancestors in New York State’s Adirondack region during the 1800s.

Though I bear their surname, the family of my great, great grandparents Laurent Charles and Ursula Angeline (Zinsk) Charbonneau has been slow to yield its full composition — so I still do not know the names of all of their children.

Pixley Falls State Park in Boonville, Oneida Co., N.Y.  The climate and ecosystem of the Adirondack foothills resembled conditions in Quebec and Switzerland, where my immigrant Charbonneau and Zinsk once lived. By: Nick Hepler

My great grandfather Will Charboneau (who dropped an “n” from our surname) was their oldest child — or at least their oldest surviving child, as later research would reveal.

Willard: Bold, resolute

My dad, who knew him well, always assumed Will’s full name was William — and in later records that’s the given name he used.

However, much to Dad’s surprise, early census returns list his grandfather as “Willard” — a German baby name that means “bold, resolute.” This name may have chosen for him by my German-speaking Swiss great, great grandmother Ursula Angeline.

“Well, how about that,” Dad said, amazed by this discovery. “I’ve learned something new about my own grandfather.”

Will’s mystery siblings

The earliest census in which I have found Will Charboneau is the 1865 New York State Census for Boonville, Oneida County, New York — which I wrote about in 1865: The Lawrence Charbonneau family in Boonville, N.Y.  My great grandfather was listed as Willard L. Charbono, 7, and was the only child enumerated in the Charbonneau household.

Yet the entry for my great, great grandmother, who was listed as Angeline Charbono, 30, yields a valuable clue about this family. The census-taker wrote “3” in Column 11, headed “Of how many children the parent.” — indicating two more children not named in the census.

A much younger brother

The next surviving child of my great, great grandparents Laurent and Ursula Angeline was Will’s younger brother, Herbert — a name with Germanic roots meaning “illustrious warrior.” He appears in their household as Herbert B. Charbonno, 8, in the 1875 New York State Census for Boonville, Oneida Co., N.Y. — which would place his birth around 1867.

I have long wondered about the 10-year age gap between the births of Will and Herbert — with the 1875 census enumerating a teen-aged Will, 17, along with his much younger brother. The unfortunate loss of two siblings during the intervening years might explain the significant span between them.

Since the possibility of learning more about them seemed remote, I set aside the idea of learning more about Will’s late siblings and moved on with other family history research.

So imagine my astonishment when a unexpected revelation about one of these children emerged while I was  researching the Swiss family of my gg grandmother Ursula Angeline (Zinsk) Charbonneau.

More in the next post. 

© 2017 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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© 2017 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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1881: Elise (Charbonneau) Payment’s blended family

Sixth and last in a series about the younger sister of my French-Canadian ancestor Laurent Charbonneau, who emigrated from Québec to New York State around 1852.

http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&rec_nbr=3385063&lang=eng
Quebec children at play (date unknown). When they married in 1872, Elise Charbonneau had a daughter and Alderic Payment three sons from their first marriages. By 1881, they had added four more sons and a daughter to their blended family of eleven — a baby boom that surely brought Elise’s schoolteacher skills into play. Photo: Library and Archives of Canada.

When they married in 1872, Elise Charbonneau had a daughter and Alderic Payment three sons from their first marriages.

By 1881, they had added four more sons and a daughter to their blended family of eleven — a baby boom that surely required the helping hands of the older children and likely also brought Elise’s schoolteacher skills into play.

Not only that, but the Payment family had relocated from the Island of Montréal to Notre Dame de Bonsecours in Ottawa (County) — located in the Outaouais region of Québec, north of the Ottawa River, about 70 miles west of their former home.

The 1881 Canadian census for Notre Dame de Bonsecours lists the Payment family with the surname variant Pément and provides a snapshot of their bustling household as excerpted in the table below.

1881 Canadian Census – Notre Dame de Bonsecours, Ottawa (County), Québec, Canada – Page 6, House 34, Family 37 – Source: Library and Archives of Canada

Person Name Sex Age  Occupation
6 Alderic Pément M 42  Cultivateur [Farmer/grower]
7 Elise Pément F 43
8 Louis Pément M 19  Menuisier [Carpenter/Joiner]
9 Joseph Pément M 17  Sous-Cultivateur [Sub-farmer/grower]
10 Alderic Pément M 16
11 Armand Pément M 8  In school
12 Emerie Pément M 5
13 Edouard Pément M 3
14 Ernest Pément M 10/12  Born in July
16 Eliza Bouchard F 22
17 O. Elmina Pément F 7

Such an interesting family — a blend of several families rolled into one. The oldest child is Elise’s daughter Eliza Bouchard, 22 — the only surviving child from her first marriage to the late Olivier Bouchard.

Teenagers Louis, 19, Joseph, 17, and Alderic, 16, are next in line — the three sons of Alderic Payment with his late first wife Marie Olympe Anger.

So daughter Elmina, 7, and sons Armand, 8, Emerie, 5, Eduoard, 3 and Ernest, 10 months would appear to be the children born to Elise (Charbonneau), 43, and Alderic Payment, 42, after their 1872 marriage.

Happier times for Elise Charbonneau

When I began writing about my great, great grandaunt Elise Charbonneau — younger sister of my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau — I kept wondering how her life would turn out.

Losing three children and her first husband in the space of two years was a potentially overwhelming experience for a young woman not yet 30. How would she move on from such a devastating tragedy?

But Elise appears to have mustered an inner strength and looked to the future — becoming a primary school teacher and moving away from her family of origin with her daughter Eliza, then meeting and marrying Alderic Payment, a widower with three sons.

So here at last we find Elise (Charbonneau) Payment in 1881 experiencing happier times in the Quebec countryside on a family farm with a house full of children of all ages — almost is if she had created, with Alderic, her own personal classroom in which to impart the wisdom her life had taught her.

Truly a remarkable woman and one I am proud to have in my family tree!

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