Tag Archives: Provost Guard

Final duty in Petersburg, Va.

On 27 June 1865, my ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull joined Co. E of the 6th New York Heavy Artillery — a consolidated battalion that was created at the end of the Civil War when 10th NYHA soldiers were transferred in to replace 6th NYHA soldiers who were returning home.

U.S. Bvt. Major General E. Ferrero and staff (1861-1865). Like the soldiers at the lower right, my ancestor Union Pvt. Arthur Bull served as a provost guard at BMG Ferrero’s headquarters, and later in Petersburg, Va., from June – August 1865. Photo: Library of Congress

The reorganized 6th NYHA was assigned to provost guard duty in Petersburg, Va. from June – August 1865. This assignment speaks highly of the integrity of the men — among them my great, great grandfather.

They were tasked with keeping order in support of the Union Army’s political, economic and social service functions in a severely damaged city that lacked a civilian government at war’s end.

Sometimes this included serving as headquarters guard for Union officers — a duty my ancestor carried out at the headquarters of U.S. Brevet Major General Ferrero — or coming to the aid of the civilian population.

At war’s end, the Union Army also relied on the provost guards to keep order during the earliest stages of Reconstruction as it set about assisting and protecting the newly free African American population now that the brutal system of slavery had at last been eliminated.

The first Federal wagon train entering the town of Petersburg, Va. (April 1865). My ancestor Arthur Bull served here in June-August 1865 at the end of his Union Army service. Photo: Library of Congress

Alas, my ancestor’s pension file contains little information about this period of his military service.  But in a letter to his wife, one of his fellow soldiers — Pvt. Orson Reynolds of the 6th NYHA — wrote a humorous passage indicating that the dangers of battle appeared to be over.

Petersburg, Va. June 29, 1865: All is quiet within our lines and no great battles have been fought within the last few days of late in this vicinity except it be with mosquitoes and fleas which are somewhat troublesome [in] this warm weather.

As Pvt. Reynolds, my ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull and their compatriots carried out their duties, they likely did so while longing for home now that the fighting was over — especially as they bid farewell to fellow soldiers who were being mustered out ahead of them. Again, from Pvt. Reynolds’ letter:

I read in the papers that great preparations are being made to celebrate the 4th in our State [New York]. Some time ago I hoped to be with you on that day but it was a vain hope and not to be realized…John O’Connor left Petersburgh (sic) for home some time ago and no doubt has reached it ere this.

And here I pause to express my gratitude to 6th NYHA Pvt. Orson L. Reynolds of Bombay, Franklin Co., N.Y., for his detailed, heartfelt letters home — the last of which is quoted above — and to his family members, who saved his letters and generously shared them by allowing them to be transcribed.

My great, great grandfather’s story would have been that much harder to tell had it not been for Pvt. Reynolds’ correspondence — written between September 1864 and June 1865 during a time when he shared by ancestor’s Civil War experience.

My great, great grandfather Pvt. Arthur Bull remained on duty in Petersburg, Va.,  through the summer of 1865, until he was mustered out with his company in August. More on this in the next post.

© 2015 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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Soldiers bid farewell

At the end of June 1865, the Union Army’s 6th New York Heavy Artillery — my ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull’s regiment — was reorganized as some of his Civil War compatriots mustered out and began returning home.

Petersburg, Va. Row of stacked Federal rifles; houses beyond (4 April 1865). Some soldiers from my ancestor’s 6th New York Heavy Artillery regiment mustered out in late June 1865. Before departing for home, they presented a set of veteran colors to those who remained on duty. Photo: Library of Congress

In his diary, Sgt. William Thistleton of the 6th NYHA traced the regiment’s journey  from central Virginia back to Petersburg as part of this post-war troop pulldown.

June 20th Packed up in readiness to move. June 21st started at 4 a.m. and marched to Burksville (sic.) station we were releaved (sic) by the 16th NY.H. Artillery at Burksville took the cars for Petersburg arrived 7 p.m. left the cars and crossed the Appomattox to Pocahontas heights and pitched our tents.

While they were camped, my great, great grandfather’s regiment was divided up — with some soldiers he had fought with for more than a year bidding a military farewell as they returned to their civilian lives. Sgt. William Thistleton was one of them, and he described the scene.

June 22nd the regiment were divided this morning the original members who enlisted in 1862 and the one years men who enlisted in 1864 are to be sent home and mustered out and the three years men who enlisted in 1863 were consolidated with a similar detachment of the 10th N.Y. Artillery and designated the second Battalion 6th N.Y.H. Artillery and were detailed to do provost guard duty at Petersburg. Before we departed we presented them with a set of veteran colors.

My ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull enlisted in 1863 and was a three-year man, so he remained on duty. According to a Company Muster Roll in his pension file, Arthur transferred from Co. L into “Co. E, Consolidated Battalion 6 and 10 N.Y.H. Artillery,” which was formed on 27 June 1865.

Sgt. William Thistleton mustered out the same day, and here we bid him a fond farewell. His diary has been invaluable in helping me piece together my great, great grandfather’s Civil War experience — from his earliest battles in May 1864 through the end of the war in 1865.

As I have inherited no journal or correspondence from my ancestor, I will be forever grateful that Sgt. Thistleton took the time to chronicle his experience — and that of the 6th NYHA regiment –for the benefit of future generations.

More on my ancestor’s final army days in the next post.

© 2015 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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Headquarters provost guard

On 22 May 1865, General Orders issued from Petersburg, Va., assigned the 6th New York Heavy Artillery — my ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull’s regiment — to Sub-Division of the Roanoke, District of the Nottoway in the Union Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia.

Petersburg, Virginia. Group of Provost Guard, headquarters, Army of the Potomac (Feb. 1865). My ancestor Union Pvt. Arthur Bull of 6th NYHA Co. L served provost guard duty in May 1865 at the headquarters of Brevet Major-General Ferrero in U.S. Sub-District of the Roanoake, District of the Nottoway, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia. Image: Library of Congress

Major-General of Volunteers George L. Hartsuff, stationed at District of Nottoway Headquarters in Petersburg, directed that:

The organization known as Ferrero’s division is discontinued, and the following assignment of troops is made, viz: Sub-Division Roanoke, Sixth and Sixteenth Regiment New York Artillery and five companies of the Sixth Ohio Cavalry…All citizens having complaints to make or requiring counsel or assistance will apply to the commanding officer of the sub-district in which they live.

On 25 May, the Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia, issued follow-up orders that listed the Virginia counties between Petersburg and Appomattox where my great, great grandfather’s 6th NYHA would now serve — and broadened their mandate to include safeguarding the newly-free African American population.

The counites of Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, Nottoway, Prince Edward, Charlotte, and Halifax will constitute the Sub-District of the Roanoake, under command of Brevet Major-General Ferrero…The commanders of districts and sub-districts are made superintendents of negro affairs within their respective limits.

Nottoway Courthouse in Virginia.  Companies C, D and E of my ancestor’s 6th NY Heavy artillery were assigned to Nottoway Courthouse. Meanwhile my gg grandfather Arthur Bull was detailed as a provost guard with Company L at the headquarters of Brevet Major General Ferraro. By: Ted Hodges

The impact of these orders was felt immediately in the field. Sgt. William Thistleton, in a diary entry likely written after the events, outlined 6th NYHA company assignments — including my ancestor Pvt. Arthur Bull’s new duties with Co. L as BMG Ferrero’s headquarters provost guard.

May 26th the men put up their tents remained here until the 20th of June. Our regiment had been ordered to do Provost duty in three counties and were divided as follows viz. First Battalion Cos. ‘C.’ ‘D’ and ‘E’ to Nottoway Court house. Cos. G, K and A at Prince Edwards Court House Lieut. Col. Baker Provost Marshall. Cos. F, M and I to Lunenburg Court House Major E. G. Morris Provost Marshall. Co. L detailed as guard at Head Quarters of Brevet Major Gen. Ferraro. Cos. B and H Capt. Gilberts commanding at Burkeville Station.

My great, great grandfather would remain at his post as a provost guard in central Virginia until late June 1865 — helping to reestablish federal rule during the early period of Reconstruction in the South.

More in future posts as Arthur’s post-Civil-War saga continues.

© 2015 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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