Tag Archives: Suzanne Marcille

1861: Charbonneau parents and siblings

Fifth in a series about my French-Canadian ancestor Laurent Charbonneau, who emigrated from Québec to New York State around 1852.

In the last few posts, I outlined how my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau (born in Montréal in 1832) settled in St. Eustache, Deux Montagnes, Québec, around 1842 with his family of origin  — and continued to live there until 1852.

St. Eustache: The Bellefeuille bridge and road. (circa 1915). My ancestors Louis Charbonneau and Suzanne Marcille continued operating their inn in St. Eustache, Deux Montagnes, Quebec, after their sons Laurent and Desire moved south into New York State. Image: L. Gobielle

My U.S. research indicates that some time after 1852, Laurent, 20, and his older brother Désiré, 21, struck out on their own and moved south into New York State’s Adirondack region.

But what became of their parents (my great, great, great grandparents) and their siblings after they left Québec? That question led me to the 1861 Canadian census — in which the Louis Charbonneau family appears ten years after the two brothers departed.

1861 Recensement Personnel [Personal Census] of Canada – Districe 1 of St. Eustache village Deux Montagnes (county) – from Library and Archives of Canada http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng

Pers. No.  Name Occupation Age (next birthday) Sex
4 Louis Charbonneau Aubergiste [Innkeeper] 58 M
5 Suzanne Marcille 56 F
6 Louis [Léon]  Charbonneau 11 M
7 Elise Charbonneau 23 F
8 Elise Bouchard 2 F
9 Marie Bouchard 1 M
10 Pierre Martel Serviteur [Servant] 17 M

The 1861 Recensement Personnel [Personal Census] of St. Eustache, Deus Montagnes, Québec, Canada, abstracted and translated above, reveals a mature Charbonneau family group. Laurent and his older brother are absent, but a new generation has been added — along with a live-in servant.

The innkeeper hires help

My great, great, great grandfather Louis Charbonneau, was still working as an innkeeper — just as he was around the time Laurent and his brother left home.

The inn is described as de bois [of wood] in the census — likely the same frame building as in 1851/52 — and my ggg grandmother Suzanne Marcille was enumerated, as were their two younger children.

Laurent’s younger borther Louis [Léon]  Charbonneau, 11, was what today we would call a tween. Although this census indicates he was still in school, he was likely old enough to help his parents out here and there — though not sufficiently to make up for his older brothers’ absence.

An extra set of strong hands seems to have been needed, because my ggg grandfather apparently hired Pierre Martel, 17 — who is listed as a non-family member and a servant in this census.

New Charbonneau grand-daughters

The 1861 Canadian census does not identify relationships of individuals to the head of household. Nevertheless, the happy news in this enumeration is the apparent arrival of two grand-daughters at the inn.

The two little girls (Elise Bouchard, 2, and Marie Bouchard, 1) are listed below the name of Elise Charbonneau (Laurent’s younger sister) — implying that they could be her daughters. And Louis, as head of household, reports two families living at the inn.

A young widowed mother

However, this census also reveals that sadness touched the extended Charbonneau family. Elise Charbonneau, 23, is listed in this census as a veuve [widow], who was parenting alone with no father in the household for the young girls.

When was she married? When was she widowed? And what were the circumstances of her husband’s death?

A new series about Elise Charbonneau begins with the next post.

© 2016 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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1852: The Charbonneau family of St. Eustache

Third in a series about my French-Canadian ancestor Laurent Charbonneau, who emigrated from Québec to New York State around 1852.

Just before he moved south to New York State, my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau lived with his parents and siblings in the village of St. Eustache — located in the Québec county of Deux Montagnes west of Montréal .

That’s where he was enumerated in the 1851 Census of Canada East (Québec). (Due to delays, this census was actually enumerated during the following year — so it is interchangeably referred to as the “1852 Census.”)

The following brief summary of the Charbonneau family’s census entry — which spans page 7 and page 8 of the census taker’s log — provides a snapshop of my French-Canadian ancestors shortly before Laurent left the household.

1851 Census of Canada East (Québec) – Dist. 33 Deux Montagnes (county)  Subdistrict 524  – St. Eustache village (pages 7 and 8) – from AutomatedGenealogy.com/census52/

Pers. No. Name Occupation Age at next birthday Sex
13 Louis Charbonneau Aubergiste [Innkeeper] 50 M
14 Suzanne Marcille 47 F
15 Désiré Charbonneau Journalier [Day Laborer] 21 M
16 Laurent Charbonneau  Journalier [Day Laborer] 20 M
17 Elize Charbonneau 15 F
18 Léon Charbonneau 3 M





From blacksmith to innkeeper

The census lists the entire family as French-Canadian and Catholic. They lived in a one-story maison à charpente [frame house] — which was classified as an auberge [inn] on the second page of their census enumeration. Quite a change in two decades!

On Laurent’s 1832 baptismal record, his father Louis gave forgeron [blacksmith] as his trade. But by 1852, Louis was employed as an innkeeper — and most likely the owner (or at least sole proprietor) of the establishment, since only the Charbonneau family was living there when the census was taken.

The young Charbonneau brothers

Today St. Eustache is a suburb of Montréal — but when my Charbonneau ancestors lived there, it was a separate village.  The location seems to have brought success to my ggg grandfather Louis — but it may have offered limited job prospects for the upcoming generation.

At the time of the 1851 census, my great, great grandfather Laurent, 20, and his older brother Désiré, 21, were both working as journaliers [day laborers] — so they were not permanently employed.

They had also not yet started families of their own, which also suggests limited means. And there may have been other socio-economic factors affecting their generation as well.

A thwarted rebellion

Fifteen years before this census was taken — in December 1837 — St. Eustache was the scene of a significant battle in the Patriots’ Uprising against British colonial rule in Canada.

The rebellion of 1837-38 united the French-speaking population and English-speaking workers in a push-back against their common political and economic oppression — an uprising inspired in part by the American Revolution.

But unlike in the U.S., the rebellion was thwarted — a defeat that may have set the stage for an exodus to the south by large numbers of French-Canadians seeking equal opportunity in the U.S. border states.

Were these among the motivating factors in my great, great grandfather Laurent Charbonneau’s move to New York State? More in the next post.

To be continued.

© 2016 Molly Charboneau. All rights reserved.

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